A Guide to Bulgarian Government and Politics

Bulgarian cuisine has evolved over the centuries to become some of the most hearty and delicious in Europe. From stuffed red peppers to the country’s staple bread, Bulgarians have a knack for combining simple ingredients to create dishes that are sure to satisfy any appetite.

Known as tarator, this popular cold dish is made by mixing yoghurt with water, cucumber, garlic, salt, and oil. You can add dill or other kitchen herbs for flavor. It is often served as a starter or a refreshing summer drink.

The Bulgarian government consists of the president and parliament. The president is directly elected for a five-year term with one reelection and serves as head of state and commander in chief of the armed forces. He or she schedules elections and referenda, represents the nation abroad, and concludes international treaties. The president may return legislation to the National Assembly for further discussion, a process known as a veto.

A parliament consisting of 200 members is responsible for making laws and establishing the constitution. It is the highest legislative body in Bulgaria and is composed of representatives from the various political parties and independents. The parliament has the authority to impeach the president if he or she is found guilty of a criminal offense.

In a democracy, the right to vote is guaranteed by law, and all citizens have the right to receive free education, medical care, and work opportunities. However, the economic situation in Bulgaria remains shaky, and many families struggle to survive. In addition, there is still a high rate of poverty among children and young people.

Bulgarians are a predominantly Christian people who adhere to the Eastern Orthodox Church. While there are many different denominations within Christianity, most Bulgarians are Roman Catholics or Orthodox Christians. Only 0.8% are Muslims, while a smaller number identify as atheists or agnostics.

In terms of religion, most Bulgarians attend mass services at local churches on Sunday or during special holidays. Bulgarians also celebrate the New Year, Christmas Eve, and St. George’s Day. These celebrations often involve traditional meals like cabbage rolls (sarma) or chuski burek, which is a stuffed red pepper dish.

Another popular snack in Bulgaria is mekitsi, a type of fried dough that is sprinkled with sugar or savory with cheese. While this is not a typical Bulgarian dish, it has gained popularity due to its simplicity and delicious flavors. You can find mekitsi at bakeries and other eateries throughout the country.