Every child is entitled to certain rights and freedoms. Children’s rights should be orderly and the state should not deny them these rights based on their age or lesser competence. For example, children should not be deprived of the right to refuse medical treatment or to die while serving in the armed forces. The state should also provide for their welfare in the event of their parents’ or guardians’ absence. All children are entitled to peace and freedom, and this means that they should be able to do whatever they want to, as long as it contributes to the peace of the country.
Every child has the right to life free from exploitation, famine, malnutrition, violence, and discrimination. But despite these advances, children still suffer from poverty. One in six children worldwide lives in extreme poverty and lives on less than US$1.90 a day. Often, children are unable to attend school, and their families struggle to afford the basic necessities of food and health care. Such deprivations leave an indelible imprint. A recent study found that 149 million children under five were stunted.
In the past twenty years, the world has united against the use of children in armed conflict. UN Security Council Action Plans have prevented the recruitment of children by armed forces. However, challenges still remain to protect children from these atrocities. The UN Secretary-General of the United Nations is encouraging member states to implement the Convention on the Rights of the Child in their national action plans. These plans aim to ensure the safety of children during conflict situations. Even though the world is safer than it was 20 years ago, children still experience violence, including abuse, and are at risk of death or injury.
Changing views about children have also had a profound impact on the law. Children are now recognized as having a voice in law. Changes in family life are also taking place, with democratization leading to an end to corporal punishment. Moreover, the UNCRC has led to tensions between global and local positionings of children. A number of debates have resulted in critiques of the universalist conception of rights and responsibilities of states.
Children’s rights include moral and legal. Under the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, children have rights similar to adults. Nevertheless, these rights can’t be applied to every child. Children’s rights are based on the fact that children’s rights are not limited to children who have lived in the country since birth. People should respect the rights of children and ensure that they can live a happy life without fear of persecution. If there is any difference between the rights of the child and the rights of other people, a child must be protected by the law.
While children’s rights and freedoms are linked to culture, they are not the same. In many countries, children’s rights are framed in terms of the interests of adults. In some jurisdictions, children may even have the ability to instruct their own attorneys. However, in most cases, the court’s views about a child’s welfare will take precedence over their desires. There is still much to be debated, but for the most part, the meaning of children’s rights is a hot topic in moral and legal studies.