Children are one of the most vulnerable groups of people in the world. This has led to a lot of work by many people to make sure that they have rights.
These rights help them to grow up and live the best life they can. They also mean that they are protected if they get hurt, and can go to school and learn.
They can say what they want and be able to speak out about things that are happening in their lives. This is called their right to freedom of expression.
Governments should give children a name and a nationality (belonging to a country). This means that they will have an identity – an official record of who they are.
Every child should have a proper education, so that they can be a good person in the future. They should also be able to get a job and earn money. These will improve their lives and the future of their families.
The main people who look after a child are their parents or guardians. They should always do what is best for the child and make sure that they are safe.
If they cannot look after a child, or they cannot take care of them themselves, then other adults should take responsibility for them. This is called their “duty to protect” and they should do what is best for them.
They have to keep them safe from violence and abuse, so that they do not become ill or die. They must also make sure that they do not become lost or abused in their homes.
Some people might think that children have a right to be free from certain things, like being put into prison. However, this is not the right thing for them.
It is also not good for them to be taken out of their country illegally, so governments should make it very difficult to do this. They should also stop children being kidnapped or held against their will, so that they do not have to go into a prison and stay there for long.
They should have a right to be treated fairly and have their opinion heard. This is important for their future and how they will get on in the world.
The laws of a country should not treat them unfairly, and they should be allowed to have their opinions taken into account when making decisions that affect them.
Lastly, they should be allowed to say what they think about things that happen in their country and the world. This is especially important for them in times of war or conflict.
Children have a lot of rights, but some of them can be hard to find. This is because there are many different legal structures that govern their lives and the way they are treated in society. These legal structures can sometimes be based on age, but they can also be based on religion or other things that might affect their way of life.