How to Care For Children


A child is a human being who is between birth and puberty. Children have fewer rights than adults and are classed as unable to make serious decisions. The term child can also be used to refer to an unborn baby; this is referred to as a fetus.

The best way to teach children is through positive reinforcement and giving them lots of love. Children learn through watching their parents and other adults, so it’s important to role model good behaviour. It’s also helpful to give young children clear, simple instructions when helping them with a task or skill (like using the loo, washing hands and getting dressed). This is called modelling. Children need firm, consistent guidelines, and they often feel more secure when you stick to your boundaries – even if they try to test them.

It’s also a good idea to remove temptations from children’s reach, such as electrical goods and breakable objects. This makes it much easier to stop them from doing something wrong. Children like praise and attention, so be sure to praise their good behaviour and give them lots of hugs.

Many cultures around the world have a rich tradition of children’s literature, including myths, fairy tales and stories. These are a great way to encourage imagination and develop creativity in children. They can help children understand important life skills such as the importance of sharing, caring and respecting others. Children’s stories can also teach valuable lessons about the environment and the world we live in.

Children who are ill or injured need special care. They can be very emotional, so it’s important for parents and carers to be there for them, listen to them and talk with them about their feelings. It’s also important to take them to see a doctor when needed, and to seek medical advice as soon as possible if they have any health problems.

If your child is choking, it’s important to act quickly. If you’re not sure how to do this, ask a GP or your child and family health nurse for help. The Heimlich maneuver involves putting your hands over theirs and placing them in the ‘locking’ position, with the thumb side of the fist just above the belly button but below the rib cage. Then, while breathing in and out slowly, thrust the hand upwards and inwards. Repeat as necessary.

If you have a young child, it’s a good idea to keep an eye on them when they play outside. It’s not always safe for them to be on their own, especially in busy places like shopping centres or schools. Also, it’s a good idea to supervise them when they are playing with friends. This helps to protect them from accidents and injury. It also gives you a chance to chat to them and get to know them better. You can also use this time to teach them about the environment and what dangers it might pose.