How to Use Definitive Articles in Bulgarian

Bulgaria is an Eastern European country on the Balkan Peninsula and is a member of the European Union. The population is largely ethnically Bulgarian, with significant numbers of speakers from other Slavic languages.


The native language of Bulgarian is a South Slavic language (the family of Indo-European languages) and it is one of the most widely spoken Slavic languages in Europe. It is the official language of the country and is used in schools, although many other languages are also spoken there.


The grammatical system of Bulgarian is similar to those of other Slavic languages, except for some differences in the way that cases are indicated in sentences. This has a lot to do with the fact that Bulgarian is the language of the Cyrillic alphabet.


Bulgarian has a wide vocabulary of words related to family relationships. It is especially extensive in its use of words to describe the relationship of aunts, uncles and grandparents to each other.

Nouns in Bulgarian have the categories grammatical gender, number (including count form), definiteness and vocative form.

Usually, feminine nouns have a long definite article, while masculine nouns have a short definite article, or a dative.

Definite articles are a vital part of the language and it is important that you know how to use them properly. Here are a few examples that will help you get started:

1. The definite article in Bulgarian is the same as in other Slavic languages, except for some difference in the way that cases are indicated in sentences.

2. A dative is the most common definite article, and you should use it whenever a noun ends in a vowel.

3. The dative is often used with prepositions and position to indicate a grammatical relationship in a sentence instead of using cases, as in Russian or English.

4. There are three dative forms: -at, -on and -ta for feminine nouns and -‘t, -on and -da for masculine nouns.

5. The dative is sometimes used with a preposition, as in the sentence: “Bulgarian is an Eastern Slavic language spoken in Southeast Europe, primarily in Bulgaria.”

6. A preposition is often used with a dative to show that something belongs to someone else.

7. A preposition is always followed by a noun or pronoun that refers to a person, thing, place, or idea.

8. The noun is usually the subject of the sentence, so it must be given a long definite article (-at for feminine nouns, -on for neuter nouns and -ta for masculine nouns).

9. A dative is often used with an adjective to make a statement about something.

10. Nouns are often translated into other languages, but there is a strong tendency in the world to translate nouns into their common dative form.

11. Nouns in Bulgarian are typically used with a dative form: knigata, stol’t and vratata for books, chairs and doors.

12. Nouns in Bulgarian are typically used without a dative form: zhena, branko and vladimir for women and men.