Bulgarian uses a unique and surprisingly flexible set of moods. Though the literature does mention the presence of additional moods, most Bulgarian school grammars teach the traditional set of four. Besides the present and past tense, the language also uses inferential and subjunctive moods. Here are a few examples of the different moods in Bulgarian:
The Bulgarian national shield features a pair of crowned golden lions holding a shield. They stand on a cross of oak branches containing acorns, a symbol of the power of the state. On the other side of the shield, a band of white is lined with three national colors and the phrase “Unity makes strength.”
Bulgaria is a nation located in southeastern Europe on the eastern Balkan Peninsula. Founded by Khan Asparuh in 681 AD, it is one of the oldest European countries. Its diverse terrain includes mountains, plains, the Black Sea Coast, rivers and lakes, and hot springs. The country also has a number of unique historical monuments, including an ancient Greek temple. In terms of natural resources, Bulgaria ranks second in Europe for hot springs.
Making Bulgarian yogurt is incredibly easy. It requires milk, live cultures, a thermometer, a saucepan, and a spoon. You can buy Bulgarian yogurt in a grocery store or at a local health food market. If you aren’t a DIYer, you can also use a yogurt maker. The appliance you choose should be able to maintain 110 degrees. The yogurt will turn out to be just the right consistency for a tasty breakfast.
Bulgars fought with the Byzantine Empire, but they eventually regained their independence. During the fifth century, Bulgars attacked the Danubian provinces of the Byzantine Empire. In the sixth century, the Turkic Avars began advancing from Asia into central Europe. One Bulgar tribe was destroyed by the Avars. After this, the Bulgars voluntarily submitted to the Turkic newcomers.
There are two main types of Bulgarian nouns: the mutable and the immutable nouns. Nouns are the basic part of speech and vary in grammatical gender and number. Adjectives are the same, though they retain a more significant case system. The verb is also mutable, but has several types of forms. Among them are the adverb, the preposition, and the adjective.
Despite its similarities to Russian, the Bulgarian language has some differences. Bulgarian has a definite article that follows nouns and adjectives, unlike Russian, which does not. Unlike Russian, Bulgarian is older, and has kept its Old Slavonic personal pronouns. It is also more archaic, as the language is heavily influenced by Romanian, Turkish, and German. Despite its complexities, Bulgarian language is a wonderful choice for a first language.
Besides being the official language of Bulgaria, it is also spoken in three other countries. Because of its Indo-European roots, it has nearly 12 million native speakers. It is mutually intelligible with Macedonian, Serbian, and Bosnian. In addition to the Bulgarian language, many words in the international language are derived from Latin. During the Ottoman period, Turkish and Arabic were also adopted into Bulgarian.