If you’re planning on visiting Bulgaria, then you’ll want to learn the language before you go. Fortunately, there are plenty of options available online, and you can even find tutors who will teach you their native tongue for a reasonable price. The best way to get started is to simply sign up for a free account on a website like Preply and start learning! But if you want to take things a step further, here are some tips for getting the most out of your time learning bulgarian.
Although Bulgarian is considered a relatively simple language, it has many complex constructions. For example, there are multiple ways of expressing negation. Some of them are grammatically correct, but others are not.
For instance, the word ‘no’ in Bulgarian is a contraction of ‘ne
Another complicated aspect of the language is the use of abstract particles, which have no precise translation in English and are used in place of phrases such as ‘please’ or ‘would you’. These can be used to strengthen a statement or add emphasis to it. Examples include kazhi mi, be (tell me); taka li? (is it true?); and vyarno li? (you don’t say!)
Unlike other Slavic languages, Bulgarian does not have a double negative. However, it does have a double negation construct, which can be expressed as either “no s’mi” or “no es’mi”.
Bulgarian is known for its delicious dairy products. Yogurt is especially popular in the country, and it is often used as a base for main dishes, as a topping, or as a soup thickener. It is made from fresh milk and a special microorganism called “Lactobacillus Bulgaricus”, which gives it the national name of kiselo mlyako (baked yogurt).
Other dairy favorites include kifla, a breakfast bread that is often filled with Nutella or jam, and snezhanka salad, a dish of chopped apples and onions in a light vinaigrette. Finally, a trip to Bulgaria would not be complete without trying some of their famous red pepper spreads, such as lutenitsa or kebapche.
In terms of foreign influences, Bulgarian has been shaped by the Romance languages and the classical Greek language. It has also been influenced by other Slavic languages, including Serbian and Montenegrin. There are also loanwords from other European languages, such as French and English. The latter have become more prevalent since the end of the Ottoman era and the independence of Bulgaria in 1878. They have mainly come from specialized fields, but some commonplace words have also entered Bulgarian. As a result, the language has a high rate of word borrowing.