The modern era has brought new challenges for children. As the number of children attending school rises, the amount of free time they have for play is decreasing. In the past, children roamed their neighborhoods in mixed-age groups. They were highly motivated to continue playing and were often responsible for settling arguments. They also managed their time and games themselves, which nourished their sense of self-esteem and mental health. Today, children often spend most of their time with screens and on computers.
When children are 6 or 7 years old, they’re often already aware of the rules of social behavior, such as respecting others. But lecturing them at this age may be counterproductive. When children throw tantrums, they aren’t accessing the problem-solving and rational part of their brain, called the prefrontal cortex.
The United Nations has a dedicated agency, UNICEF, which provides health care and food to children in war-torn countries. The agency has been an integral part of the UN since 1953, when it started its worldwide campaign against yaws, a disfiguring disease affecting millions of children. A cure for yaws is now available through penicillin. In 1959, the UN General Assembly adopted the Declaration of the Rights of the Child. This document defines the rights of children and provides a framework for achieving those rights.
The UNCRC also has provisions that encourage children to participate in decisions that affect their lives. These rights are linked to a child’s maturity levels and help the child develop by being an informed participant in the decisions of their society. The goal of such participation is to protect children’s future and ensure the well-being of society.
The European Union has taken numerous steps to protect children’s rights. In 2006, the European Commission published an Agenda for the Rights of the Child, which outlines seven objectives for the EU. In 2010, it also launched an action plan to combat violence against children through the DAPHNE programme. In addition, the Council of Europe has adopted several treaties and programmes to protect the rights of children.
The UNCRC also requires governments to make sure children are aware of their rights. The UN says that children’s rights are the most fundamental human rights and that children should be treated as such. Article 42 of the CRC requires governments to ensure that children are educated about their rights. Without awareness, children are more vulnerable to abuse, exploitation, and discrimination. Therefore, it is critical for children to understand their rights and claim them.
The child protection system is usually government-run and is aimed at ensuring that children are safe and well-cared for. As outlined by UNICEF, a child protection system consists of laws, policies, regulations, and services that support the protection of children. The aim of child protection is to prevent violence against children and to support the stability of families.