The Bulgarian language is an Eastern South Slavic language. It is the official language of Bulgaria. In addition, it is spoken by minorities in several countries. Those include Romania, Greece, Turkey and Serbia. Traditionally, it is associated with the Bulgarian Orthodox Church.
The Bulgarian language has been influenced by several periods in its history. Some of those periods include the Prehistoric period, the Ottoman period, the Soviet Union alliance and the first half of the 20th century. Today, it is a fusional language, meaning that it has changed over time.
Bulgarians are predominantly adherents of the Bulgarian Orthodox Church. However, a Catholic minority also exists. A significant number of Pentecostals, Muslims and Evangelicals are among the religious minorities.
Bulgarian verbs can take up to 3,000 distinct forms. These vary in person, voice and tense. They may be indicative, imperative or perfective. Perfective verbs signify that the action has been completed. Imperative verbs, on the other hand, are a form of speech that expresses urgency or impatience.
Most Bulgarian verbs are formed in the past tense, but there are other forms, such as indicative, present and future tenses. Verbs that are in the present tense are called hybrid forms. As of 2007, Bulgaria was a member of the European Union. Since 2004, Bulgarian has been part of the NATO alliance.
The Bulgarian word for “yes” is ala. Another word for “no” is da. While the majority of Bulgarians are Orthodox Christians, there are other religious groups, such as Pentecostals, Muslims, Evangelicals and Protestants.
In addition to grammatical gender, nouns are inflected for number. They are classified into five classes. Adjectives agree with nouns in number and are grouped in two groups, corresponding to the male and female nouns. Nouns that end in -o are generally neuter, and nouns ending in -ia are usually feminine.
Bulgarian is written using the Cyrillic alphabet, but it has been adapted to different sound systems. For example, the “yat” vowel is pronounced with an “e” in western Bulgaria. There are also nouns that end in -o or -ia that are not palatalized, as well as nouns that begin with -e. To learn more about the Bulgarian alphabet, check out our transcription into the Roman alphabet.
Bulgarian has three case inflections: interrogative, relative and possessive. They are used to add person, object, and person’s position. Pronouns, the other component of speech with inflection, are classified as either personal or impersonal. Personal pronouns are inflected for definiteness and number, while other pronouns are mutable and can have any number of case inflections.
The Bulgarian present tense is a hybrid form, which is expressed in simple forms and compound forms. In the present tense, the subject and verb are often expressed in the simple forms of the verb, while the object is expressed in the compound form.
Bulgarian has several abstract particles, mostly used at the end of a question. However, no precise translation of these particles is available in English.